Домой Бородавки Бородавки или грибок: причины, симптомы, лечение

Бородавки или грибок: причины, симптомы, лечение

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Грибок и бородавки

Нередко люди, не имеющие медицинского образования, не могут отличить грибковое заболевание от бородавки, особенно если в организме поселился специфический грибок, вызывающий хромомикоз. Если не начать своевременное и адекватное лечение проблемы, грибковые очаги поражения воспаляются. При осложнении страдают даже лимфоузлы, последствия и исход болезни могут быть непредсказуемы.

Что такое хромомикоз?

Хромомикоз — заболевание, которое провоцируется специфической разновидностью грибковой инфекции. Микроорганизмы имеют темный окрас, они взывают на кожных покровах образования, внешне похожие на бородавки. Очаги воспаляются, увеличиваются в диаметре, кровоточат и гноятся. В запущенных стадиях бляшки покрываются эрозиями и внешне напоминают цветную капусту, так как имеют множество слоев. Чаще поражает грибок стопы, реже локализуется на лицевой части, в области декольте и животе. Если не приступить к лечению, недуг принимает хроническое течение, которому характерны периоды рецидивов. Грибковая инфекция проникает в лимфоток и мигрирует по всему организму, вызывая опасные осложнения.

Причины и симптомы

Основная причина развития хромомикоза — имплантация грибковой инфекции в верхние слои дермы через поврежденные участки кожи. Для развития и размножения возбудителя необязательно иметь проблемы со здоровьем и иммунитетом. При первых симптомах надо срочно приступать к лечению и не запускать болезнь. Симптоматика хромомикоза выражена, ее нельзя не заметить.

Сначала на коже образуется очаг, который внешне напоминает псориазную бляшку. Далее, на бляшке возникают конические образования или узелки, похожие на бородавки. Они покрываются корочкой, рядом вырастают новые очажки, которые сливаются между собой. При несвоевременном лечении узелки изъязвляются, воспаляются, кровоточат и гноятся. Различают следующие типы хромомикоза:

  • Узелковый. Начало болезни, при котором образуются эритематоидные папулы.
  • Опухолевидный. Папулы сливаются между собой.
  • Веррукозный. Высыпания становятся похожими на вульгарные бородавки.
  • Чешуйчатый. Очаги высыпаний покрываются чешуйками разного размера.
  • Рубцовый. Высыпания изъязвляются, наблюдается возникновение новых высыпаний.

Если вовремя обратиться за медицинской помощью, то лечение хромомикоза несложное и ограничивается использованием средств местной терапии.

Почему грибок путают с бородавками?

Нередко хромомикоз путают с бородавками, так как внешне эти кожные патологии сходны между собой. Однако это относится только к внешнему виду, возбудитель у патологий абсолютно разный. Хромомикоз вызывает специфический инфекционно-патогенный гриб, а бородавки возникают из-за попадания в организм человека вируса папилломы. При обнаружении у себя на коже подозрительных папул, похожих на бородавки, не стоит самостоятельно приступать к лечению. Важно выяснить природу заболевания, а затем уже совместно с врачом согласовать схему лечения.

Диагностика и лечение

Чтобы диагностировать и отличить хромомикоз от бородавок, важно пройти диагностическое исследование, при котором для лабораторного исследования берется образец из пораженного участка и исследуется под микроскопом. При подозрении на другую природу происхождения образования, образец тканей берется на биохимический анализ. Важно провести дифференциальную диагностику и исключить такие кожные болезни, как красный плоский лишай, бородавочный туберкулез. После выяснения природы высыпаний, назначается курс терапии. Для лечения бородавок применяют средства, указанные в таблице.

Средство Метод нанесения Воздействие
Салициловая кислота Наносят регулярно непосредственно на бородавку Вызывает отмирание нароста
Трихлоруксусная кислота Средством покрывают бородавку и ждут, пока оно полностью впитается Выжигает новообразование

Также можно прибегнуть к инструментальным методам удаления — криодеструкции, электрокоагуляции, лазерному удалению, хирургическому или химическому способу. Для лечения хромомикоза назначается перорально «Итраконазол» или «Флуцитозин». Также показано регулярно смазывать очаги поражения противогрибковыми мазями: «Флуконазолом», «Леворином» или «Клотримазолом». Противопоказано использовать народные средства без предварительной консультации с врачом. В запущенной стадии грибок, вызывающий хромомикоз, проникает в ткани мозга, исход такой ситуации непредсказуем.

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